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How to Remove Calculus from Teeth?

Understanding the menace of calculus, or tartar, is pivotal for maintaining optimal oral health. In this discourse, we delve into the causes of calculus buildup and elucidate expert strategies for its removal, both professionally and at home, ensuring a radiant and healthy smile.

What Is Calculus?

Calculus, colloquially known as tartar, manifests as a hardened mineralized deposit on teeth, arising from the accumulation of plaque. Its formidable adherence to tooth surfaces, both above and below the gum line, poses significant threats to oral health.

Plaque to Tartar Transformation

The genesis of calculus ensues from the transformation of plaque, a sticky amalgam of bacteria, food remnants, and saliva, into a hardened mineralized deposit. This metamorphosis is catalysed by the interaction of plaque with salivary minerals, culminating in the formation of calculus within 24 to 72 hours.

Common Causes

The primary catalysts for calculus buildup encompass:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing culminate in plaque accumulation, fostering calculus formation.
  • Dietary Habits: Consumption of sugary foods fuels bacterial proliferation, exacerbating plaque accumulation and subsequent calculus formation.
  • Tobacco Use: Smoking exacerbates plaque formation, predisposing individuals to calculus deposition.
  • Dry Mouth: Diminished salivary flow impedes plaque removal, fostering calculus formation.
  • Aging: Advancing age correlates with an increased propensity for calculus formation.
  • Irregular Dental Cleanings: Infrequent dental checkups facilitate plaque accumulation, predisposing to calculus formation and associated complications.

How to Remove Calculus

Professional Cleaning

Seeking professional dental care is paramount for effective calculus removal. Dental professionals employ specialised tools for scaling (supragingival calculus removal) and root planing (subgingival calculus removal), ensuring meticulous plaque eradication and optimal oral hygiene. Regular dental visits, typically biannually, are indispensable for calculus removal and preventive care.

Advanced Treatments

Individuals exhibiting severe calculus buildup or symptoms of gum disease may necessitate advanced interventions such as scaling and root planing. This meticulous procedure targets plaque and tartar residing on tooth roots beneath the gum line, mitigating bacterial proliferation and forestalling gum disease progression. Multiple visits may be requisite based on calculus severity and underlying gum disease.


Achieving calculus-free dental hygiene mandates a multifaceted approach encompassing professional dental interventions and diligent home care practices. Acquainting oneself with the aetiology of calculus and adopting proven preventive measures are instrumental in preserving oral health. While home remedies offer ancillary plaque control, professional dental services remain indispensable for calculus removal and safeguarding oral well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you remove calculus from your teeth at home?

Attempting to remove hardened calculus at home is ill-advised and ineffectual. Adhering to rigorous oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and mouthwash usage, aids in plaque removal and forestalls calculus formation.

What happens if calculus is not removed?

Unchecked calculus fosters gum disease progression, precipitating gum recession, tooth loss, and potential systemic ramifications. Moreover, calculus provides a breeding ground for bacteria, exacerbating plaque accumulation and gum inflammation.

Is it safe to remove calculus from teeth?

Professional calculus removal, performed by trained dental professionals like Dentist Coorparoo, is inherently safe. Utilising specialised tools and techniques, dental practitioners ensure meticulous calculus eradication without compromising dental integrity.